Cover letter

All submissions should be accompanied by a cover letter briefly stating the significance of the research, agreement of authors for publication, number of figures and tables, supporting manuscripts, and any additional information. Please suggest at least three potential peer reviewers who will be able to provide an objective assessment of the manuscript's quality. Any peer reviewers suggested should not have recently published with any of the authors of your manuscript, should not be members of the same research institution and should not be members of any research institutions from the same country with the authors. The cover letter need send through email to


Types of Article

Research Articles: This regular or full paper should be written in the style described in "Instruction to Authors". It should contain new and significant information as well as sufficient details to enable others to repeat the work.

Short Communications: These papers may be short research reports which contain material of unusual interest but which are not sufficient to form the basis of a regular paper. Such communications must not exceed four printed pages (10 double-spaced typewritten pages) including figure(s), table(s) and references. Do not use section headings in the body of the text.

Review Articles: These papers will be published upon invitation only and should not exceed 25 pages of printed text, including tables, figures and references.


Title Page

The first page of the manuscript should include the following information:

  • The title of the paper, which should be concise
  • A maximum of 5 keywords.
  • The names of the author (Please provide the full name of all authors and underline the surname)
  • Present addresses of authors.
  • Complete name, address, telephone, fax numbers and an e-mail address of all the corresponding and co- authors.

Download the manuscript check list here.



Should be written in a structured format (between 150-250 words) presenting concisely the (i) Aims, (ii) Methodology and results and (iii) Conclusion, significance and impact of study. For example:

Aims: Prodigiosin is a bright red pigment produced by certain strains of Serratia marcescens, characterized by a common pyrrolylpyrromethane skeleton. This pigment is found to possess antibacterial, antifungal, immunosuppressive and antiproliferative activity. The present study aimed at designing process parameters for the enhanced production of this pigment.
Methodology and results: Peptone glycerol broth was selected as the best synthetic medium. The effects of various media components and process parameters like carbon and nitrogen sources, temperature, pH, incubation period and other supplements were investigated. Maximal amount of prodigiosin was produced at temperature 25 °C, pH 7.0 and incubation period of 48 h. Supplementation of media with maltose and peptone yielded maximal amount of prodigiosin. Incorporation of minimal amount of supplements like silica gel, iron salts, inorganic phosphate also showed promising results. Chromatographic separations suggested that prodigiosin is made up of three different fractions (purple, orange and red). Further investigation of antimicrobial properties of prodigiosin revealed that it is a potent inhibitor against Gram positive bacteria like Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus cereus and fungal pathogens like Candida albicans, C. parapsilosis and Cryptococcus sp. This antimicrobial potency remained stable under a wide range of temperature and pH. The antioxidant capacity of prodigiosin was found to be 22.05 Bg ascorbic acid equivalents/mL of extract. When applied to textiles, prodigiosin resisted the action of acid, alkali and detergent.
Conclusion, significance and impact of study: Besides combating Gram positive bacterial pathogens and some pathogenic yeasts, prodigiosin with strong dyeing and antioxidant activity may find broad applications in textile and therapeutic industries.

(Abstract is adapted from Gulani et al., 2012)



Neatly typed on one side of an A4 size paper, double-spaced throughout (all parts including title, address, captions, tables and references) and with wide margin (2.5 cm on all 4 sides). Use line numbers for review copies, and remove them for final copy. Primary headings (all in upper case and bold) are INTRODUCTION, MATERIALS AND METHODS, RESULTS AND/OR DISCUSSION, CONCLUSION, REFERENCES and ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS (if any). Sub-heading can be used when necessary and written in lower case and bold. Footnotes should not be used.


Introduction should provide brief background of the work in the relevant field and the reason why it is worth studying as well as the objectives of the work.


This section should include sufficient details of technical information to allow the work to be repeated. The source of uncommon chemicals and research materials should be given.


The results and discussion section can be separated. Sub-heading can be used where appropriate to organise the results. Discussion should provide an interpretation of the results and its relationship with other relevant published work.


The summary of the work. It should cover the major findings from the work.


In-text citation

  • Use APA format (Include last name of the author and publication year only)
  • If a work has 1-2 authors (Include all author's last name; connect both names by using the word "and", followed by publication year)

        E.g. (Smith and Jones, 2004)

  • If a work has more than 2 authors (Include only the first author’s last name, followed by et al., publication year)

      E.g. (Arifin et al., 2013)

  • Complete reference for each source should appear in the reference list at the end of the paper.


Reference list

  • List at the end of the paper and placed in alphabetical order.

Some examples are given as follows:

Journal article

Arifin, A. R., Kim, S. J., Yim, J. H., Suwanto, A. and Kim, H. K. (2013). Isolation and biochemical characterization of Bacillus pumilus lipases from the Antartic. Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 23(5), 661-667.


Agrios, G. N. (1988). Plant Pathology. Academic Press, New York. pp. 15-20.

Chapter in a book

Bailey, J. A., O’Connell, R. J. and Nash, C. (1992). Infection strategies of Colletotrichum species. In: Colletotrichum-Biology, Pathology and Control. Bailey, J. A. and Jeger, M. J. (eds.). CAB International, Wallingford, England. pp. 88-120.


Uronu, A. B. (1989). Studies on the infection of pea (Pisum sativum) by Colletotrichum pisi. M.Sc. Thesis. University of Bristol, U. K.

Conference proceeding papers

Green, P. N. Wood, D. C. and Dow, C. F. (2002). Taxonomic status of some methogens. In: Crawford A. D. and Lind, B. C. (eds.). Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium. American Society for Microbiology, Washington, D.C. U.S.A. pp.141-145.

Internet references are NOT encouraged.


Tables & Figures


Each table should be typed on a separate page, but in the single file together with manuscript. Use Arabic numerals, e.g. Table 1 and numbered consecutively according to their sequence in the text.


Submit relevant figures only. All the figures should submitted on a separate page, but in the single file together with manuscript. Figures and photographs should be labeled as Figure and numbered according to their sequence in the text (e.g. Figure 1). For digitally generated photographs, the resolution should be at least 300 d.p.i. Photographs should be supplied in black and white and have good contrast. Colour figures are welcomed for online publication, however, the hardcopy publication will be printed in black and white.


Units and Abbreviations

Use only SI units of measurement, (e.g. cm, kg, g, mL, L, sec, min, h) and other common units (e.g. bp, kb and Da). The use of abbreviation should be avoided except for those universally accepted. Define each abbreviation and introduce it in parentheses the first time it is used.

A few examples are as follows:

DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid), cDNA (complementary DNA), NAD (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide), NADP (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate), PFU (plaque-forming units), CFU (colonyforming units), PCR (polymerase chain reaction), ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay), SDS (sodium dodecyl sulphate).

Nomenclature of Microorganisms

Microorganisms must be correctly named following the current codes for bacteria, yeasts, fungi, algae and protozoa.


Article Processing Charge

For Publication

Upon acceptance, author(s) required to remit the sum of RM 275.00 for Malaysian authors and USD 110.00 (inclusive of bank charges) for international authors to the Malaysian Journal of Microbiology together with the payment proof.

The payment is made payable to Malaysian Journal of Microbiology using direct electronic transfer or PayPal:

Account Name: Malaysian Journal of Microbiology
Bank: CIMB Bank
Account No.: 8003818747
Bank Swift Code: CIBBMYKL 
Address: Universiti Sains Malaysia, Block 32 Minden Campus, 11800 Pulau Pinang, Malaysia.


For Subscription

The annual subscription fee for the printed version of MJM is RM 225.00 (within Malaysia) and USD 135.00 for overseas. The subscription will entitle the receipt of 6 issues of the journal annually.

Download the subscription form here.

The payment must be made toMalaysian Journal of Microbiologyby sending us the cheque to the address below or by direct electronic transaction to:

Account Name: Malaysian Journal of Microbiology
Bank: CIMB Bank
Account No.: 8003818747
Bank Swift Code: CIBBMYKL


Please submit the subscription form to the address below or email to

Prof. Dr. K. Sudesh Kumar
Malaysian Journal of Microbiology
School of Biological Sciences
Universiti Sains Malaysia
11800 Minden, Penang, Malaysia